July 24, 2021 5:09 am
Midwood Condo at Hillview Avenue by Hong Leong Group Near to hillV2 Shopping Mall

Midwood Condo at Hillview Avenue by Hong Leong Group Near to hillV2 Shopping Mall

Midwood Condo Singapore located at Hillview Avenue is a luxury residential building that offers some great locations at the serene Hillview Estate. Located on the corner of Hillview Avenue, the development is one of the hottest new launch destinations in the area. Midwood Condo is conveniently located next to Hillview MRT Station. Midwood Condo is conveniently located near to hillV2 shopping Mall and Hillview MRT Station also an added advantage with activities like shopping and dining. This makes it a wonderful place for families or even business executives who want to have a relaxing getaway from the hectic lifestyle of the city.

The spacious and well-designed interior design of the Midwood Condo Singapore Hillview by Hong Leong Group is just one of its many luxurious amenities, that makes this one of the finest properties to invest in. There are many attractive features and amenities like spacious living area, large terraced balconies, state-of-the-art kitchen, an abundance of storage spaces, and swimming pool to enjoy whenever you want. One of the best features of this property is that it offers state-of-the-art security system with CCTV surveillance to protect your home and belongings. And if you want to be close to nature, then you can visit the nearby Bukit Timah Nature Reserve to enjoy the scenic attractions of the Hillview forested areas. It has a very reasonable selling rate that will suit your budget as well as meet your expectations.

The Midwood Condo Singapore Hillview by Hong Leong Group is a luxury residential property that offers a lot of benefits compared to the traditional properties in the area. With its magnificent views of the nearby Bukit Timah Nature Reserve and Hillview Estate, you will surely experience a great sense of relaxation and comfort when you stay here. If you want to pamper yourself from the hustle-bustle of city life, then you should come here to unwind. It is also a great place for families with kids as there are numerous activities and amenities for children so you can enjoy your time with your children without worrying about them.

The interior of Midwood Condo property is designed beautifully and the details are well-placed. The property has two-storey canopy and skyward-facing balcony. There are also numerous facilities that make this a perfect place to live like large terraced balconies, spacious living room, library, media rooms, bedroom, bathroom, and dining area. There is no doubt that this is a very good investment as it is located in a prime location and a highly sought after residential property today. You will not have any problems with finding a qualified group real estate developer in Midwood. There are several property management companies who specialise in luxury properties like the Midwood condo.

The interior design of the Midwood is very modern and sleek. Midwood Condo has spacious living rooms, large balconies and large terraces with lush greenery all around. The view of Hillview Avenue is just the icing on the cake. The location map of Midwood reveals the ideal location for this amazing property. As soon as you select your preferred destination, you will be greeted by a well-appointed tour guide who will explain to you everything you need to know about the properties.

As soon as you step out of your rental, you will find a number of luxurious features including spacious dining and living rooms, conference rooms, family rooms, swimming pools, restaurants, bars and nightclubs. Shopping centres are just around the corner and a short drive will take you to the popular Night Markets where you can shop for designer brands at up to 50% off the retail price! And if you are more in the spirit of eating out, you will find an eclectic range of eateries, cafes, restaurants and bars. There are also a number of excellent spas and health centres conveniently located close to the properties, as well as a number of hotels offering excellent basic fitness services.

If you are looking for a nice place to spend a Sunday afternoon, you will not be disappointed with Midwood’s offering of fine dining restaurants. hillV2 Shopping Mall and Bukit Timah Plaza Singapore is conveniently located near several good restaurants and even has its own boutique hotel. You can relax and enjoy a relaxing meal overlooking the swimming pool while trying to decide what to order.

If it is nightlife you are in need of, you will not be disappointed with the nightlife options at Midwood Condo Singapore Hillview by Hong Leong Group. There are numerous live performances and shows happening on an almost daily basis at Dempsy Hill. There are also some good pubs and bars in the area that offer some of the best burgers and beers in town. Dempsy Hill at Bukit Timah offers Singapore’s best access to fine dining restaurants and bars. It is conveniently located just a few steps from all the major public transport systems and is within walking distance to some of the best shopping malls in the country.

When it comes to condo living, Midwood condos are a unique offering. The construction is an eight-story structure with apartment units perched on top of the high-rise steel and glass structure. The building is fully finished and waiting for new residents. The amenities are very good, as they provide all the basic comforts of home. The area is very convenient to all the attractions in the city.

Shopping is an extremely popular activity in Midwood. There are many stores and boutiques in the shopping center area such as hillV2 as well as Bukit Panjang Plaza. There is a very large selection of new and used merchandise. The restaurants and cafes in the vicinity are great places to enjoy shopping. There is also a great variety of retailing, clubs, and other amenities close by.

Midwood is a beautiful community. It’s a great place to raise a family or live alone. The proximity to all of the amenities and close to the attractions and night life make it perfect. It is one of the hottest places to purchase a home. If you are interested in buying a Midwood condo, check out this listing as it will give you insights on what is involved in the property market.

Buying a Midwood condo is a great investment that will give you great pleasure for many years to come. You can live in your new home for much less than you would pay for an apartment in downtown Hillview. You will never be disappointed with the quality of life that you will experience. Why not check out some Midwood condos today?

The prime feature of Singapore Hong Kong private residential area is the wide availability of space. This is a highly dense city with a high demand for space. The residential area has been built to cater the growing needs for space in a rapidly developing world. The residential area has received a lot of development and modernization, making it one of the finest areas to invest your money and receive returns in the future. If you are an investor and looking forward to buy a property in this prime commercial region, it is very important to deal with an experienced developer who understands the real estate industry well.

A developer who has a long experience in developing property in this area will have the right contacts to negotiate the best deals on your behalf. It is the developer’s task to find the appropriate buyers for your property and sell them at the market rate. The real estate developer also needs to be very good at marketing and managing the property for the best results.

The Singapore Hong Kong property is a preferred choice for people from all around the world. This place is an ideal place to invest and make profits in the real estate business. This is the reason why a large number of investors from different countries like US, UK, Germany and Australia are attracted towards this place. Singapore Hong Kong residential property is highly preferred by those who want to get away from the noise and crowded city atmosphere. They find the serenity and comfort of the residential areas very relaxing and they can stay here for as long as they wish.

The prime area is quite a good place to start your search for the best Singapore Hong Kong private residential properties. One should be aware of some vital factors that play a major role in determining the price of the property. The area of the residential building is one of the important factors for the price of the property. Areas like Orchard Road, Teningay Way, Central Business District and the likes are among the popular places to invest in. These are among the prime locations of the residential buildings and thus, they are known to fetch better prices. Orchard Road is known for its high-rise buildings and commercial establishments.

Well-known areas in the Singapore market are those around the Singapore River, including the Serangoon and the Ann Siang Road, which have many renowned residential areas. These areas have always attracted a large number of local investors. Also, the arterial roads in these areas offer good transportation connectivity and excellent facilities to the residents.

There are other important factors that affect the residential properties’ prices. They include the condition of the building, interior decorations, exterior decorations, furniture and other building materials used. As there are many new constructions happening in the region, the demand for the property in the residential areas is on the increase. The residential area in the northern part of the Singapore has seen the most dramatic growth in the past years. The residential properties located here have a fantastic view of the blue sky, green lawns and a variety of amenities available at very affordable prices.

The central business district or the CBD, as it is popularly known is one of the wealthiest areas in the country. It includes world-class shopping malls, cinemas and restaurants. The rent for such property is comparatively lower than the other areas mentioned above. It also offers numerous employment opportunities in the form of government, corporate and service jobs. Also, there are many entertainment options like cinemas and theaters here. There is a high demand for private properties in this area.

Well-known areas in the country are those near the arterial and main transport links like those in Central Business District, Orchard Road and the North Coast Road. These areas are more expensive and the rents for such property are generally higher. However, the demand for the residential area is increasing at a rapid pace in response to the growing demand from the foreign investors. You can easily find out more information about the various residential areas in Singapore and their rental prices from estate agents.

How to Know If a House Is Right for You

How to Know If a House Is Right for You

When shopping for a new home it’s only natural to be cautious. After all, investing in a home is a long term commitment and a big investment, and you will need to make sure that you are making the right decision. How you will come to know that you have found the perfect house varies from one person to the next. Some people rely on their gut; others need to be convinced. There are some indicators that will allow you to realize that you have indeed found the perfect property.

The right property includes many features that buyers are looking educated with their individual needs. Some of the requirements, including near to core city center. This also means that it is near to Shopping Centers as well. The Reef at King’s Dock is the right fit for many of these buyers as it is located near to Vivo City Shopping Center and also need to the core city center in the shopping district. The shopping district means that there are many amenities for the residents of The Reef at King’s Dock as well as groceries for their daily needs. The Reef at King’s Dock location also means that the developments is near to the prestigious schools in the core city center and therefore there will be many convenience for residents with schoolgoing children.

It could be something as simple as a place reminding you of somewhere you felt happy in the past, this realization being instant. But, the reasons you know that you’ve found the best house for you can be a lot more subtle.

  1. You Have an Urge to Go Inside

Looking at new homes is exciting, and when you pull up to the curb, you may look left and then right. Perhaps the house to the left looks far more appealing than the one to the right. First impressions are so important when it comes to choosing a property, and if you have the urge to go inside when you pull up at the curb it’s a very good sign.

  1. You are Embraced by the House Immediately on Entering

You will know within the first few seconds of walking into a house whether it feels comforting and warm or not. Does the house invite you to go and explore? Does it feel warm and homely? Does it seem to speak out to you? If you can say yes to these questions, this house could be the one for you.

  1. You Feel Comfortable in the Bathroom

It is often the case that a buyer starts to feel uncomfortable when approaching the bathroom, even before they go in. They will stop outside, hold onto the doorframe, and have a quick peek for a minute. If on the other hand you feel compelled to go in the bathroom and open the shower door or stroke the marble around the sink, it’s a great sign that this is the home for you.

  1. You Feel Defensive About the Property

You may become defensive when the agent points out a flaw in the property. He may point out a stain on the wooden flooring or something that needs updating. If you get defensive and already see the house as your own, then it’s a great sign. But, keep a clear head and think about how difficult it will be to correct the flaws and more importantly how much the necessary update will cost. You may find that on purchasing the property you find that it is actually impossible to live with the flaws, just as the agent pointed out.

  1. You Start to Think About How your Will Arrange the Furniture

If you walk into the master bedroom and can immediately imagine your bed being in there, this could be the home you have been looking for. If you can imagine your Christmas tree in the corner of the lounge room, it’s safe to say that you are hooked. Perhaps you catch yourself daydreaming about pulling up on the driveway after a hard day at work. You may spot someone in a neighboring property taking their dog for a walk and you start to think about how you would like to get chatting to them when you take your own dog out in the mornings. Remember that the neighbors and the neighborhood are as important as the way you choose to place your furniture.

  1. It Ticks all the Boxes

If the property meets all your basic requirements, it could be the perfect one for you even if it doesn’t have every single amenity on your list. If it has the correct distribution and the right number of rooms it’s a good start. Perhaps it has a carport but not a garage. You realize that having a covered garage is not so important after all and you could build one where the carport is if you really want. If you suddenly become flexible about a property and what it can provide, you may have found the right home for you.

  1. You Don’t Want to Look at More Homes

If all the homes you have previously looked at no longer seem appealing and don’t measure up to this one, it’s a good sign. If you have no desire to carry on looking and the one that was previously on your top spot suddenly doesn’t match up to your standards any more, it’s a fine indication that you have found the right home.

  1. You Want to Brag About it

Have you already posted photos of the home on your social media pages? Have you already called your best friend or sent an email to your mum? Perhaps you have put it as your status on Whatsapp? If you can say yes to any of these, it’s looking very promising that you have found your perfect home.

  1. You Are Already Planning a Second Visit

Did you get in your car, phone your spouse, and then immediately arrange to go back for a second visit before you even left the driveway? If this is the case, then it’s a great sign that this property is for you and that you should definitely come back for a second viewing with your spouse, a friend, or even with your parents. Ask the agent to send you the seller’s disclosures so that you can check that everything is in order. You may even want to put in an offer at this time, as it is really starting to look like you have found the perfect property.

How to Know If a House Is Right for YouWhen you find the property that just feels “right”, it’s not advisable to sleep on it. It’s important to act quickly. Remember that you won’t be the only person looking for a house like the one that you have just fallen in love with and failing to put in an offer could mean losing the house while you are asleep. Trust your instincts, talk to your agent, and act quickly but not in haste.

If you want to act right away, be realistic before getting on the phone to the removal company. Don’t go over your budget to an extent that you won’t live comfortably. And check out the local transport routes for commuting and the schools if you have children or are planning to. Will you get sick of the commute? Are there all the facilities you would hope to find in the neighborhood?

Buying a property is a long-term decision, so be passionate about it, but treat your decision with passion too.

Choosing The Best Garbage Disposal And Building a Good Garage For Your New Home

Choosing The Best Garbage Disposal And Building a Good Garage For Your New Home
Choosing The Best Garbage Disposal And Building a Good Garage For Your New Home

Most homeowners these days have a hard time finding an affordable home with a garage built into it. Luckily for these homeowners, there is a more affordable alternative to buying a home with a garage. If you already own a home without a garage, you can build a steel garage addition to it. It’s not as laborious as one might think, nor as expensive as it would be to buy a home with a garage.

If you look online, you will find that there are many websites devoted to helping you design and price your own steel building. Some sites even offer ready to build steel garage kits that you can order at discounted prices. As for location, you will want to align your garage to your driveway. So take a good amount of consideration over the size of the structure. You may have plenty of room around your home, but a minimal amount of space for your car port.

Though it is a matter of preference, you will also want to be sure that the exterior blends in with the rest of the house. It isn’t absolutely important, but it may aggravate you after a while to have a dark blue home and a deep red garage addition. You might feel like you’re living in a police siren. To avoid this, simply evaluate the look of your home, as well as the space and material.

After you get your garage parts ordered, don’t be concerned if you end up getting distracted or not having as much time to construct it. You can still hire a contractor to come in and finish. You may have to hire one anyway to excavate the area you want to build over. You will also want a garage foundation built into the ground with enclosed anchor bolts. Working from the foundation up, your walls need to be put into place first.

Afterward, you will want to get your roof up before the weather can ruin the structure. Then you can work on the floor inside. You are not really required to hire anyone, but with as much work that goes into building a garage, you may want to invest in some assistance. Garbage disposals are something that anyone that has a kitchen sink must own! It offers you clean sink and good hygiene. Without a garbage disposal you would not be able to properly rinse your leftovers down the sink. Food would become stuck in your sink, mold, and have a foul odor.

So clearly garbage disposals are much needed. If you are looking to replace your current garbage disposal or looking to add one to a new sink, then there are some things that you should know to help you with choosing the right one. The first thing that you will need to do is decide what model garbage disposal will fit under your sink properly and suit your needs. There are basically two different types of garbage disposals that you can find available on the market to choose from. You could either choose a continuous feed garbage disposal, or a batch feed.

Continuous garbage disposals are the most common type of garbage disposals that people like to use. As long as you have the switch on this garbage disposal will stay running and pulverizing the food. You can run it until all of the food is gone from your sink. The batch feed garbage disposal has a cover that is required to be used for getting rid of waste. The cover has to be over the garbage disposal before you turn it on to get rid of the food. This type of garbage disposal is less commonly used because it requires more effort to operate. However this garbage disposal is one that is safer to use as opposed to the continuous one which could injure hands or damage other items that accidentally fall into the grinder.

If you are interested in either one of the above mentioned garbage disposals, then you might want to check out some garbage disposal reviews online. You will be able to read what other people think about the various different types of models of garbage disposals that are available. It would also be a smart idea to compare prices and quality.

You don’t want a garbage disposal that is junk or that has a majority of negative reviews from previous buyers. It would be a wise idea to invest in a garbage disposal that will last you for some years to come. Just make sure to use it properly and to follow the instructions on the manual on how to care for it.

Important Tips to Consider When Solving Your Own Plumbing Issues

Important Tips to Consider When Solving Your Own Plumbing Issues
Important Tips to Consider When Solving Your Own Plumbing Issues

Your Home consist of many areas that need maintenance and the washroom and bathroom is one of them. Maintenance is needed and sometimes plumbing issues might occur. If you’ve had the opportunity to check out our previous blog posts, you know just how intertwined your plumbing system is with everything that goes on inside a home daily. From the water heater and various fixtures to the sewer line and so much more, it certainly does quite a bit of work behind the scenes. Having said all of this, it’s always going to be in your best interest to have all of these elements working properly at all times. It’ll take plenty of stress off your shoulders and allow for that constant piece of mind knowing you don’t need to worry about a pipe springing a leak!

When it comes to residential plumbing, there are all types of plumbing issues in any given week! Some of the time, it’s a routine problem that was due to pop up as a result of general wear and tear. Other times, it’s to upgrade fixtures to improve the overall aesthetics of a room. Lastly, there are times where we’re called out to repair a DIY repair gone bad or any other lackluster plumbing job!

When it comes to plumbing, there’s a fine line separating projects that can be done by any ambitious homeowner and those that are best left for a plumbing pro! In this week’s blog, we’ll take an inside look at why certain projects should never be considered a “DIY” and the mistakes that follow.
Water Heater Installation

We all know how important our water heaters are to providing comfort for everyone occupying the house. There’s no denying that! However, if you’ve never installed a water heater before, we would strongly recommend leaving this project up to an experienced plumber. After all, the water that’s inside the tank is kept at extremely hot temperatures capable of causing personal injury or property damage. Here’s a few of the reasons why we would avoid DIY’ing a water heater installation:

Know the Right Product to Install – Over the years, the arrangement of water heaters have grown steadily. You have conventional storage tank water heaters (electric or gas), tankless water heaters, heat pump water heaters, condensing water heaters, solar water heaters and so on! This doesn’t even account for gauging the quality of the many manufacturers currently on the market. A trained plumber will be able to discuss what your needs are as a household, as well as your budget for the project, and find a solution that fits perfectly.

I know what you’re thinking…“Can a water heater really explode?” While it isn’t something that happens all that often, it actually is a possibility. Particularly with the gas models, you need to be wary of any potential gas leak. If some gas were to leak out around the tank, the ignition flame could ignite the gas, creating a potentially dangerous situation. Aside from this scenario, you also need to be mindful of proper maintenance or a lack of regular inspections. Think items like flushing out your water heater to reduce sediment build-up! While this might not cause a massive house fire, it could result in your water heater dying out before the expected lifespan.

Leaking Deadly Carbon Monoxide – Our final example is yet another potentially hazardous situation for all occupants of the house! If a water heater isn’t correctly installed or vented appropriately, it will run the risk of leaking carbon monoxide. Considering carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless gas, you may not know something is up until members of your household start feeling the adverse effects of carbon monoxide poisoning.

You have a drain that’s running slow or may even appear to be completely clogged up. What’s the first thing you grab? Hopefully, not the liquid drain cleaner that’s hiding underneath your sink! Even though drain cleaners seem like the perfect solution for these types of problems, the truth is they typically end up causing more harm than good.

Damage to your Pipes – When you use a drain cleaner, it will likely appear that the product did it’s job once the clog has been cleared. However, it’s the long-term effects to your pipes that you should be worried about. Most of these drain cleaners are designed to “liquify” the blockage in an effort to clear the passageways. All good, right? Well, the heat that’s generated from this chemical reaction will lead to a gradual demise of your pipes.

Damage to your Fixtures – Just as it’s not going to provide any benefits to the lifespan of your pipes, it’s certainly not going to be helpful on your fixtures either! The strong acids found in chemical drain cleaners can easily wreak havoc on the enamel-based finishes of your fixtures. As a result, a simple drain unclogging turns into a new fixture being needed!

Licensed plumbers will understand the proper way to clear a sink clog is with a snake on most occasions. They should have the equipment on their truck capable of clearing a routine clog in a timely manner.

Every plumber that’s been in the industry for more than a couple months should know the importance of turning off the main water supply valve before doing any plumbing work. Unfortunately, a decent number of DIYers might think they can make a quick valve swap without turning off the water main. Trust us, this is something that can easily transform a quick repair into a much larger plumbing project!

As is the case with nearly every profession, you’ll likely receive plenty of training and education on the in’s and out’s of doing your job. Plumbing is no different! As members of the Plumbers & Gasfitters Local 8 here in Kansas City, our licensed technicians have the experience and training necessary to complete any plumbing job! Our technicians understand the various drain fittings that comprise residential and commercial plumbing projects! Furthermore, they’ll understand how these tie into the various codes to ensure no violations.

While some DIYers might be up to speed on the local plumbing codes, I’m going to take a guess that’s not the case with the majority! After all, unless you’re regularly in the plumbing world, chances are you won’t be aware of any code changes or the general codes to begin with. If “wyes, tees, and elbows” aren’t in your regular vocabulary, it’s probably best to leave any type of plumbing installation like this up to a licensed plumber.

Our final DIY gone wrong involves anything to do with standing water. One of the most prevalent events that fall under “plumbing emergencies” involves flooding inside the home. Whether that’s in the basement, which is the most common location, or anywhere else, it’s important to act quickly. Having said that, it’s always going to be best to get a plumber’s opinion on this topic. Sucking out all of the water with a sump pump isn’t enough. You need to ensure there’s no chances of mold growing, know whether or not walls/flooring need to be torn out and how to replace any piping. Don’t wait until the mold has already been spreading to get a professional’s opinion!

We certainly hope this blog didn’t scare you away from attempting a DIY project, but rather hopefully it encourages you to act with caution before getting started! As can be said about any other home improvement project, if you don’t feel 100% comfortable making the repairs, it might make the most sense to leave it up to a pro that does this type of work each and every day.

Penrose at Aljunied Drive by City Developments Limited at Aljunied MRT Station

There is no question that Singapore is a wonderful place to live. It continues to grow in population by leaps and bounds, and as a result of that the property developers have to be relentless in finding new land for developing housing. One area that they have had their eye on for several years now would be in the Penrose neighborhood. The intersection at Geylang and Sims drive was recently purchased, and property development officials are celebrating the move because it has 175,000 square feet of real estate purchased for the excellent price of $732 psf per plot. Moreover, the land has the potential for 570 units of housing, and it is close to several public transit stations as well as being just a quick 15-minute drive to Singapore’s Central Business District. Here are some extra characteristics of this appealing plot of land:

Penrose is close to the Aljunied MRT Station.

This 99-year leasehold agreement is going to be turned into a city fringe development at a selling price of $1,400 psf. Additionally, Penrose will have units with an average size of 85 square meters. It is going to expand on some of the amenities that are already present at the property, which include advantages such as a swimming pool, indoor gym, guard house, clubhouse, tennis court, children’s playground, BBQ pits, and a sun deck. Besides this, the Penrose is not far from the Aljunied MRT Station!

Penrose is going to be great real estate for families. One of the main reasons for this is because it is in close proximity to many different schools, including notable examples such as the Geylang Methodist School, the Kong Hwa Primary School, the Cedar Primary School, and the Canossa Catholic Primary School.

Geylang at Penrose has undergone an immense transformation in recent years.

The Singapore suburb of Geylang used to be a fairly undesirable place, especially in the Penrose neighborhood. It was littered with night entertainment spots and had a reputation for being a sleazy place that wasn’t very family friendly. However, this reputation has slowly changed due to the fact that the city fathers have invested $2.2 billion into the neighborhood to transform it into a sought-after fringe-city area. They are seeking to bring out the charm, character, and eclectic architecture of the city and make it appeal to new generations. Moreover, there are many other residential developments in the works besides the plot at Penrose.

There is an added benefit to Penrose being close to the Aljunied MRT station. This public transportation center is just one stop away from the Paya Lebar MRT station, which is one of the main interchanges for gettng around throughout the entire city-state of Singapore. The future residents of Penrose will also be thrilled about being so close to shopping districts such as the Paya Lebar and Sims intersection. Singapore residents have access here to great shopping options such as the One KM Mall, Kinex, City Plaza, the Paya Lebar Square, Guillemard Village, Grandlink Square, and Tanjong Katong Complex.

The Penrose location is near restaurants, eateries, and Hawker Centres.

This Penrose location will have many nearby restaurants available, including options that will include signature dishes such as Frog Porridge , 328 Kong Laksa, and many different Hawker food varieties in the Hawker Food Centres. This area also plays host to many different cafes, incluiding the notable choices of the Brawn and Brains Coffee Shop, which is an excellent to get your coffee fix and to get a nice pastry snack.

Along these same lines, you will find a lot of food markets near this new area as well. Examples include the Sims Vista Market and Food Centre, Upper Boon Keng Food Market Center, the MacPherson Market and Food Centre, and the Circuit Road Food Centre among many others.

Finally, the residents at these Penrose Condos will be living close to several different parks, sports centres, and jogging and walking trails. They will be able to find many more amenities for their morning exercise routine.

All in all, these Penrose Condos will be a great place to live and they are going to be a great investment for property development professionals.